Executive Summary StatementThe Maximizing Access to Research Careers (MARC) programs offer special research training support to 4-year colleges and universities with substantial enrollments of minorities such as African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans/Alaska Natives who maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment, Hawaiian Natives, and natives of the U.S. Pacific Islands. The MARC program is a program of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of General Medical Science (NIGMS) and the Division of Training, Workforce Development and Diversity. The goals of the MARC branch are to increase the number and competitiveness of underrepresented students engaged in biomedical research by strengthening the science curricula at institutions and increasing the research training opportunities for students and faculty at these institutions. MARC provides support for students underrepresented in the biomedical and behavioral sciences to improve their preparation for high-caliber graduate training at the PhD. level. The program also supports efforts to strengthen the science course curricula, pedagogical skills of faculty, and biomedical research training at institutions with significant enrollments of students from underrepresented groups. MARC grants are made to colleges and universities that offer the baccalaureate degree. Institutions select a cohort of trainees who are honors students majoring in the biomedical or behavioral sciences who have expressed interest in pursuing postgraduate education leading to the PhD. in these fields. Additionally, MARC seeks to enhance, increase and build the pool of students interested in science by providing various educational opportunities that motivate and academically prepare them especially during their undergraduate freshmen and sophomore years of study. The period of appointment to the MARC Program is the junior and senior years of undergraduate study.